Early Development

Early Development in Hume

Men such as pioneers Evans, Fawkner and Batman paved the way for the growth of early Hume. Some villages and towns flourished in gold rush times which led to the speedy establishment of infrastructure such as railways, post offices and schools. The chief forms of production up to the 1860s were quarrying, pasture and farming, but with towns and industries developing, the primitive hotels and squatter-type housing gave way to better roads, homes and other amenities.


The need for better transport routes also brought the need for someone to manage them. Pascoe Vale, Mickleham, Bulla and Sydney Roads were major local and interstate trade routes. Transport routes were so important in fact that Roads Boards existed for many years from the 1850s. The responsibilities of these boards expanded over the years to necessitate the formation of councils.

In 1862 Bulla was declared a Road District, and in 1866, a Shire. Broadmeadows became a Shire council in 1871 including the suburbs of Yuroke, Craigieburn, Mickleham and Greenvale. Over the years the boundaries of the Shires changed with population movement and growth. In 1995, with changes in local government structure and boundaries, the City of Hume was formally created, absorbing most of the Shire of Bulla and the City of Broadmeadows.


Railways have also been important as trade routes for the region. The first stage of the Melbourne to Bendigo railway was opened in 1859 with a grand festival taking place in Sunbury. This was the first Victorian Government railway and became known as The Main Line. In 1872 the railway line between Essendon and Seymour was opened, initially only stopping at Broadmeadows and Craigieburn on request.

The new infrastructure and burgeoning industry in turn helped to create social and economic systems that were expressed in housing developments and improved services.

Hume is now a thriving, diverse city of over 160,000 residents, and remains a crucial hub for industry and transportation in Victoria.

Read Hume local history information on the Hume City Council website.



Updated : 10:18 AM, 24 May 2013